Four Ball Wear Test Machine

ASTM D2509, ASTM D4172 Lubricating oil and grease four ball tester.

  • Model: KR-AW60

1. Introduction:      


The lever four-ball friction tester is in the form of sliding friction and is mainly used to evaluate the bearing capacity of lubricants under extremely high point contact pressure conditions. Including the maximum non-seizing load PB, sintering load PD, comprehensive wear value ZMZ and other three indicators, in actual applications, different evaluation indicators can be selected according to the various uses of the lubricant. The ambient temperature of the test engine oil box can reach up to 250°C, and can be pre-selected for time, friction, temperature, etc., and can also determine the friction coefficient of frictional parts.

The testing machine is mainly suitable for the evaluation of lubricating oil. It has a wide range of application prospects in various professional fields of tribology, petroleum, chemical, energy and other industries, universities, research institutes (institutes) and other departments.



2. Program description:


The testing machine is mainly composed of spindle drive system, weight lever system, oil box and heater, friction measurement system, industrial integrated machine programmable terminal (which can realize the preset and control of friction, speed, time, temperature and other parameters , Alarm, display), electrical control system, strong current system and other parts, they are all installed on the frame with the base as the main body.


2.1 Spindle drive system

The main shaft is driven by an ESTUN servo motor and an AC servo system. The rated power of the system motor is 1.5kW, the speed adjustment range is 2002000r/min, and the speed is stepless. The spindle speed accuracy can reach ±10r/min.


2.2 Weight lever system

The lever weight system consists of a knife bearing blade, a lever and a hook weight. The lower knife bearing is supported by a double knife bearing, so that the lever transfers force more smoothly and accurately. The lower supporting blade is the fulcrum of the lever weight system, and the force transmission blade transmits the force applied by the lever system to the oil box and the friction pair. The knife-edge hook improves the accuracy of force transmission and is placed at a suitable lever ratio position as required.


2.3 Oil box and heater

The guide part under the oil box is equipped with imported linear bearings, which reduces the friction between the oil box seat and the main body and makes the test force value more accurate.

A ring heater with a power of 250W and a rated voltage of 220V is installed outside the high-temperature oil box. It must be in close contact with the high-temperature oil box to obtain a stable temperature control. The platinum resistance temperature measuring resistor is fixed on the temperature measuring oil box seat, and its top extends out of the temperature measuring oil box seat. The lead wire of the temperature measuring platinum resistance extends out of the oil box through the holes around the oil box and is connected to the controller. The test temperature is controlled by digital display from room temperature to 250°C, and the signal is output. The temperature control accuracy can be controlled at ±2°C.


2.4 Friction force measurement system

When the steel ball friction pair works, due to the axial pressure, the friction torque is generated when the main shaft rotates. The friction force arm and the friction force sensor generate a small unbalanced signal corresponding to the force. The measurement system displays the value of friction.


2.5 Electrical control system

The electrical control system adopts modular control, strong anti-interference ability, stable performance/parameter setting, operation, calibration and other operation interfaces. Various operations are completed on the industrial integrated machine. The setting interface can realize the setting of test conditions, and the running interface can carry out test operations. Real-time display of test data, such as friction, speed, temperature, time, etc. Various relevant curves can be displayed, and the test data can be analyzed and processed.


3. Main technical performance indicators:






Test force


Maximum test force



Below 4% of the maximum test force, the test force indication error



Above 4% (inclusive) of the maximum test force, the relative error of the test force indication



Test force loading method

Manual loading of weights




Maximum friction



The relative error of the displayed value of friction should not be greater than



Automatic stop for heavy load overload


Testing machine heating system


Temperature control range

Room temperature~250


Temperature control accuracy



Spindle speed


Spindle speed range

200r/min~2000r/min (Steplessly adjustable)


Speed control accuracy



Taper of spindle bore



Amount of oil used in one test



Nominal diameter of special standard steel ball



Spindle motor power



Test machine spindle control


time control


Friction control


Test machine time display and control range



Overall dimensions of the testing machine (length×width×height) mm



4. Wear scar video measurement system:


The wear scar video measuring instrument is mainly used to measure the diameter of the wear scar in the four-ball test. Meet the requirements of GB3142, GB12580 for test data measurement. In addition, the measuring instrument can also be used for sample observation of the ring block wear tester.

4.1. Main technical performance indicators

1) Measuring accuracy: 0.01mm

2) Measuring range of wear scar: 0-4mm

3) Measuring table diameter: 114mm

4) Adjust the upper and lower measurement space by the adjustment handwheel

5) Image acquisition, editing and annotation, image storage, experimental data processing and storage, and report generation and printing